Noun| Definition | Kinds | Examples | English Grammarfg
Noun is well defined and its kind or types also given rules in both Hindi and English medium and exams tipds for english papers for cbse class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12. Noun, Pronoun, Adjective, articles, number, gender, case, pronoun, adverb, Verbs, degree of adjective, preposition, conjuction, interjection, auxillary verbs, modals, mood, removal of too, question tag, determiners, causative verbs, finite verbs, non-finite verbs, tenses, active voice, passive voice, narration, direct and indect speech, clauses.
Noun| Definition | Kinds | Examples | English Grammar
Definition and Classification of Noun
Defintion of Nouns:
Noun is the name of persons, places or things.
In other words, Noun is the name of anything.
Ex. - Ram, Mohan , Sita, Kapil, Delhi, Kanpur, Gold, Milk, Book, Dog and Cat etc.
Kinds Of Noun
There are five kinds of nouns:
(i) Proper Nouns: Such nouns which express about a special person or thing.
In other words, proper noun is the name which is given by us after its existance.
Ex. - Ram, Sita, Gurgaon, Hariyana, Gwalior and Lal Queela etc.
Remember: The first Letter of proper noun is always writen in Capital letters.
(ii) Common Nouns: such nouns which express the class of persons, places or things.
ऐसे संज्ञा जो किसी व्यक्ति (persons), स्थान (places) या वस्तु (things) के जाति का बोध कराते है |
Boy, Girl, animal, cow, dog, bird, doctor, player, school, college, hotel, book, hero and ocean etc.
(iii) Collective Nouns: ऐसे nouns जो व्यक्तियों (persons) या वस्तुओं (things) के समूह (group) का बोध कराते हैं |
Crowd, Gang, Commision, Family, Team and Army etc.
(iv) Abstract Nouns: ऐसे nouns जो किसी गुण (quality), दशा (state), विचार (ideas) अनुभूति (feelings) और कार्य (Action) का बोध कराते हैं |
The Nouns Showing Human Qualities or Characteristics
Beauty, Bravery, Brilliance, Brutality, Calm, Charity, Coldness, Compassion, Confidence, Courage, Curiosity, Dedication, Determination, Ego, Elegance, Enthusiasm, Envy, Evil, Fear, Generosity, Goodness, Graciousness, Hatred, Height, Honesty, Honor, Hope, Humility, Humor, Insanity, Integrity, Intelligence , Jealousy, Kindness, Loyalty, Maturity, Patience, Perseverance, Sanity, Self-control, Sensitivity, Sophistication, Stupidity, Sympathy, Talent, Tolerance, Trust, Warmth, Weakness, Wisdom etc. ;
Some Nouns Showing imotions and feelings.
Anger, Anxiety, Clarity, Delight, Despair, Disappointment, Disbelief, Excitement, Fascination, Friendship, Grief, Happiness, Hate, Helpfulness, Helplessness, Infatuation, Joy, Love, Pain, Pleasure, Power, Pride, Relaxation, Relief, Romance, Sadness, Satisfaction, Silliness, Sorrow, Strength, Surprise, Tiredness, Uncertainty, Worry etc.
Some Nouns Showing Actions.
reading, writing, dancing, playing, shouting, sleeping, running, blocking, making, smoking, drinking,watching, showing, building, speaking etc.
Some others Abstract Nouns
Ability, Adventure, Belief, Comfort, Culture, Democracy, Victory, Faith, Energy, Justice, Life, Movement etc.
(v) material Nouns: ऐसे nouns जो पदार्थ (matter) का बोध कराते हैं | जैसे :
water, gold, silver, oil, wood, sugar, salt and coal etc.
Modern Classification of Nouns
In Modern Grammar Noun is classified into three part;
(i) Proper Nouns:
(ii) Countable Nouns
(iii) Uncountable Nouns
Nouns As numbers and Genders
Nouns are handled as Numbers and as Genders
संज्ञा को वचन के रूप में और लिंग के रूप में प्रबंधन किया जाता है |
Numbers of Nouns (संज्ञा का वचन):
Notes: Modern classification के अनुसार uncountable nouns का numbers नहीं होते हैं |
Noun which tells its number one or more than one is called number.
There are two kinds of number;
(I) Singular Number : The noun which tells only one number in counting this is called singular number.
Example: boy, girl, toy, book, pen, mouse, wire, mobile etc.
(II) Plural Number: The noun which tells number more than one is plural number.
Example: boys, girls, toys, books, pens, mouses, wires, mobile etc.
(II) Plural Number
Genders of nouns (संज्ञा का लिंग):
All nouns can be classified under Genders; i.e
(i) Masculine Genders : Male Nouns refer to Masculine genders, like brother, Father, Ox, Dog, boy and hero etc.
(ii) Feminine Genders : Female nouns refer to Feminine genders, like sister, Mother, cow, girls and heroine etc.
(iii) Common Genders: Common genders are those nouns which can be either male or female, like teacher, baby, neighbor, guardian and parent etc.
(iv) Neuter Genders: Neuter Genders are non-living nouns, like stone, rocks, kite, book, pen, building, hydrogen and pencil etc.
Chapter Lists English Grammar
1. The Parts Of Speech
3. The Number
11. Degree of Adjectives
15. Auxiliary Verbs
17. Question tag
18. Removal of too
20. Causative Verbs
22. Finite and Non-finite Verbs
23. Subject-Verb Concord/Agreement
24. Kinds of Sentences
26. Voice ( Active and Passive)
27. Narration (Direct and Indirect Speech)
31. Word Transformation